Laws Of Thought

The laws of thought are fundamental axiomatic rules upon which rational discourse itself is based.

The rules have a long tradition in the history of philosophy and logic.

They are laws that guide and underlie everyone’s thinking, thoughts, expressions, discussions, etc.

The laws of thought can be most intelligibly expressed thus:

Everything that is, exists.  [Law Of Identity]

Nothing can simultaneously be and not be. [Law Of Non-Contradiction]

Each and every thing either is or is not. [Law Of Excluded Middle]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Law_of_thought

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Logic Is Transcendental

Logic is not a body of doctrine, but a mirror-image of the world.

Logic is transcendental.

— Ludwig Wittgenstein

http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/l/ludwig_wittgenstein.html

Note…

transcendental
tran·scen·den·tal
[tran-sen-den-tl]
adjective
1. transcendent, surpassing, or superior.
2. being beyond ordinary or common experience, thought, or belief; supernatural.
3. abstract or metaphysical.
4. idealistic, lofty, or extravagant.
5. Philosophy .
a. beyond the contingent and accidental in human experience, but not beyond all human knowledge. Compare transcendent ( def. 4b ) .
b. pertaining to certain theories, etc., explaining what is objective as the contribution of the mind.
c. Kantianism . of, pertaining to, based upon, or concerned with a priori elements in experience, which condition human knowledge. Compare transcendent ( def. 4b ) .

http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/transcendental

Watch “Modal Ontological Argument for the Existence of God” on YouTube

 

 

From this link…

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zd9LjE4U-68&list=FLAVHgm5gxuyBqezIHgWV-gw&index=13

…we have the following quote…

This is a presentation of Alvin Plantinga’s modal ontological argument for the existence of God, simplified a bit and explained for laymen. I myself try to remain neutral on whether it succeeds or fails, and thus I am only playing the role of “host.”

My video is a simplified and slightly altered version. The actual formulation is more precise but at the expense of being wordier. Here it is in case anyone is interested:

Maximal Excellence: A being has maximal excellence in a given possible world W if and only if it is omnipotent, omniscient and wholly good in W

Maximal Greatness: It is proposed that a being has maximal greatness if it has maximal excellence in every possible world.

(1) The concept of a maximally great being is self-consistent.

(2) If 1, then there is at least one logically possible world in which a maximally great being exists.

(3) Therefore, there is at least one logically possible world in which a maximally great being exists.

(4) If a maximally great being exists in one logically possible world, it exists in every logically possible world.

(5) Therefore, a maximally great being exists in every logically possible world.